VOL.  1                                     THE   IOWA   HOUSEWIFE                                               1880
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    A little carbolic acid in the paste will keep it sweet and prevent mold.  The paper should be cut to proper lengths, sufficient in quantity to finish the room, before pasting is commenced.  Enough spare paper should be left at top or bottom, to match the pattern evenly.  These lengths should be laid evenly one over another, and the bench should be a little longer than the lengths of paper.  The paste should be applied with a broad brush similar to the white wash brushes, and should be laid on quickly, or the paper will soon become tender.  If a piece of tin be fastened to the brush it can be hooked to the side of the pail and prevent much “mussing” with the paste. The cheap sorts of wallpaper should be avoided, if possible.



    Saturday is undoubtedly the busiest day of the week.  The weekly baking must be done in preparations for Sunday’s meal completed.
   Start the day early and plan breakfast so as to use little time as possible.  Plan the dinner meal so that it may be fixed in the morning with breakfast to leave the stove free for baking.  In summer most meal preparations may be kept on ice or in a cool cellar.
    With the children home from school extra help will be available for baking.  Enlist the younger children to roll cookies and watch them in the oven.  The more complicated baking of pies and cakes should be done by the older girls or the woman of the house.
   If there are idle hands, churning butter may be done on Saturday.  Although dash churns are common many housewives are finding barrel churns to be very satisfactory.

  They contain generally twenty-five to forty per cent of clay, and a very common material for the pulp is cow-dung; only a very small proportion consists of fiber of rope, matting, or other coarse material of any strength, and in putting it on a wall it will often fall to pieces in the hands.  Two persons are required to lay on paper with rapidity, one to paste and one to apply paper.  When the paper is pasted it should be handed to the person on the ladder, who holds it about a foot from the top end, and lays it evenly against the wall at the top, allowing the upper end to hang over on the backs of the hands.  By looking down the wall it may be seen when it matches the previously-laid length, and should then be brought gently to the wall, the backs of the hands then pressed against the wall.
    Following these instructions, any room should be papered with great satisfaction.

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Explorations in Iowa History Project
Malcolm Price Laboratory School
University Of Northern Iowa
Cedar Falls, Iowa
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